Justin Timberlake Apologizes for Comment After Jesse Williams’ Speech at BET Awards

Justin Timberlake has publicly apologized after receiving a wave of backlash for a tweet praising Jesse Williams’ impassioned speech Sunday night at the BET Awards. Mr. Williams received a standing ovation after he addressed systemic racism in the U.S. and the appropriation of black culture in the entertainment industry. Mr. Timberlake, who is white, wrote simply… Continue reading

Rihanna Releases New Song ‘Sledgehammer’ for ‘Star Trek Beyond’ Soundtrack

Rihanna and Sia previously penned a smash-hit tune about glittering objects floating in the infinity of space. So it’s a natural fit that they’d return to collaborating for the new “Star Trek Beyond” film acheter cialis. Rihanna has released a new single, “Sledgehammer,” from the sci-fi epic’s soundtrack. The song is in a new trailer for the film,… Continue reading

Cowspiracy Proves That Going Vegan Is The Solution To Global Warming

I’m an all-American, good old-fashioned, non-discriminatory meat eater generic cialis jelly. I’ve spent the majority of my life chowing down cheeseburgers, lasagna, hot dogs, sausages, philly cheese steaks, meat loafs, fried chicken, lobster, and pretty much everything in between. My favorite meal, for decades now, has been a nice juicy sirloin steak. It’s delicious, it’s fulfilling and, most of all, it makes me feel like I accomplished something when I finish my plate. Little did I know that every time I eat meat I am helping to deplete the earth of it’s water and destroy the ozone layer. Don’t believe me? Then you should watch Cowspiracy.

When I saw the documentary listed on Netflix, I passed over it and didn’t even give it a second thought. It wasn’t until I got into what I like to call “sponge mode”, where I watch as many documentaries back-to-back as I can, that I ran into this movie again and decided to give it a go. I actually didn’t know what it was about, but I had an idea based on the title, of course. As soon as the movie started it proved, within minutes, that the number one reason for depletion of the ozone layer and increase of global temperatures is animal agriculture, representing 51% of all worldwide greenhouse gas emissions. Read that again:

Animal agriculture makes up 51% of all worldwide greenhouse gas emissions

After around 5 minutes into the movie, I was already told the most important thing anyone has ever told me about global warming. The scary part is that nobody in the White House seems to care. I felt like I needed to look up the data to verify it and, sure enough, it checks out. So, I decided that I was going to go vegan. But, after a life of eating meat, how am I going to make this change?

There comes a time in every person’s life when they’re confronted with the reality of their lifestyle and need to make dietary changes in order to ensure they live a longer, healthier life. Usually, cutting down on red meat and butter is the best move you could make if you’re attempting to avoid heart disease, but that still leaves chicken and other poultry, fish, crustaceans, and other seafood, and the idea of “cutting down” is not the same as “cutting out”. At the end of the day, you’re still eating meat. Even one of the people in the movie mentions the fact that going “meatless on Mondays” is still destroying the Earth 6 days a week.

What’s worse is the amount of water and rain forest destruction happening in the name of animal agriculture. If a person eats 3 animal product meals a day, it actually has the most devastating effect on the Earth above fossil fuels (oil, coal, gas, etc), which is everyone’s biggest concern, even environmentalist groups. This is because it takes so much water, grain and land space to raise animals.

Probably the most disconcerting part about this entire issue is the fact that it’s actually against the law to protest or take part in any sort of activism against the animal agriculture business in America. It’s even gotten people killed in South America and caused the creator of Cowspiracy to lose his funding and fear for his life.

I finished the movie recognizing that there was a clear agenda behind it, but that I didn’t disagree and found it hard to even try. The only real reason people eat meat is because it tastes good. But if we want to save the world, it may be time for everyone to go vegan.

One epic moment after the other

Actor Emilia Clarke has hyped up the anticipation for the Game of Thrones season six, saying it will be “epic” and will have many “shocking” moments. “It’s really exciting. Next season, I’ve said this before, but there are a lot of seasons where you need to [rightly so] kind of need to set the scene. And… Continue reading

Foul-mouthed Minions? Some myths about children and swearing

Elyse Methven, University of Technology, Sydney

Warning: this article contains strong language.

Rumour has it that pint-sized yellow toys in McDonald’s Happy Meals – Minions – have been blurting out swear words at children.

Parents recently complained to the “family restaurant” that they can distinctly hear one of the Minions exclaiming “What the Fuck!”

In response to customer complaints, a McDonald’s representative insisted the toys are simply speaking Minionese, “a random combination of many languages and nonsense words and sounds”. The spokesperson apologised for:

any confusion or offence to those who may have interpreted the sounds as anything other than gibberish […] Any perceived similarities to actual English words are purely coincidental.

But what if McDonald’s were wrong, and swearing was indeed part of the Minionese vocabulary? Would parents be right to panic?

Well, not exactly.

Do swear words harm children?

According to an academic who has performed extensive research on swearing, psycholinguist Timothy Jay, children learn swear words from a very young age: around one or two. Jay’s studies of children and swearing, conducted in the United States between 1992 and 2013, have found that young children generally learn the form and content of swear words from their parents.

In the 2013 study, involving predominantly middle-class, Caucasian children aged between one and 12, Timothy Jay and Kristin Jay found that by the time the children entered school (around the age of five), they had a “fairly elaborate (42-word) taboo vocabulary”.

Yet the myth persists that children need “protection” from swear words outside the sanctuary of the home. There are even criminal laws predicated on this and other “folk-linguistic” theories on swearing.

In New South Wales, for example, it is a crime to use <a href="http://www5.austlii generic cialis express.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/soa1988189/s4a.html”>offensive language in, near, or within hearing from, a public place or school. Police commonly issue on-the-spot fines amounting to A$500 for the use of the words “fuck” or “cunt” in public.

In Queensland, saying “dirty words” in public can be punished by up to six months’ imprisonment. Similar offensive language crimes exist throughout Australia.

‘Protecting’ children from swear words

Proponents of laws that censor or punish swear words have long advanced the rationale that children need “protection” from obscenities. When obscenity laws were introduced to the colonies in the mid-19th century, women and children – as beacons of purity – were considered most at risk of being polluted by the filth of swear words. Children exposed to swear words were thought to catch the habit of swearing in the same way one acquires a bad cold.

Judges, magistrates and politicians continue to dictate that it is inappropriate to swear in restaurants, in shopping centres, in parks, and in school playgrounds in which children are present.

On the other hand, army camps, football matches, tennis courts, and male dressing rooms are considered places in which swearing is acceptable, or even to be expected.

These stereotypes about swearing are not unique to Australia. In the US, the use of the word “fuck” in front of children was considered at length by the US Federal Communications Commission (the FCC) in its 2004 Golden Globes decision.

The FCC had received multiple complaints about U2 singer Bono’s use of the phrase “This is really, really fucking brilliant” during a live broadcast of the 2003 Golden Globe awards ceremony. The FCC found that televising Bono’s use of the phrase “fucking brilliant” had violated broadcasting rules.

The FCC stated:

The “F-Word” is one of the most vulgar, graphic and explicit descriptions of sexual activity in the English language.

The Commissioners said that action was necessary to “safeguard the well-being of the nation’s children from the most objectionable, most offensive language”.

Myths about swearing

Alongside the idea that children can be corrupted by four-letter words, proscriptions against swearing rely on a number of “folk-linguistic” assumptions. Common theories about swearing include that:

swear words are inherently harmful or dirty

swearing is a sign of an “impoverished vocabulary”

people who swear are “lazy”

swearing is “common” or “not classy”

society must censor or punish swearing to prevent increasing use of four-letter words.

Each of these ideas has been discredited by linguists. The use of taboo words is a persistent language phenomena documented since Ancient Roman times. The correlation between the form and meaning of swear words such as “fuck” and “cunt” are arbitrary; they are not inherently sexual, harmful, or dirty.

A penchant for four-letter words is by no means indicative of an impoverished vocabulary. Just look at former Prime Minister Kevin Rudd’s creative use of swear words, a man noted for his extensive (albeit sometimes befuddling) vocabulary.

High taboo frequency has been positively correlated with other measures of verbal fluency, and swear words are relatively common among university students, a population that generally has “higher-than-average verbal abilities which selectively qualify them for admission”.

Swear words also have documented positive uses; they can be a non-violent way of venting frustration or anger, and can express humour. Swearing can be a means by which to enhance group solidarity and even increase pain tolerance.

In short, swearing, an “intense and succinct – and sometimes very directed – emotional expression,” is an indispensable part of human language.

Let’s stop panicking about children being exposed to the occasional expletive in a shopping centre, on television, or in a fast-food restaurant.

Children will eventually and inevitably hear these words (they probably already have). And frankly, there are much more harmful problems to be concerned about than swearing.

Punishing or censoring curse words has not, and will not, eradicate these words from our vocabulary. In fact punishment tends to have the opposite effect of reinforcing the “taboo” value of swear words and thus their perceived potency.

It’s time that we all had a more “adult” conversation about the uses and abuses of swear words, that acknowledges swearing as a ubiqiutous, persistent, complex and useful part of language.

The Conversation

Elyse Methven is PhD scholar in Law at University of Technology, Sydney.

This article was originally published on The Conversation.
Read the original article.

Taylor Swift leads way with nine MTV VMA nominations

Taylor Swift leads way with nine MTV VMA nominations Option Trading Partners Breaking News – Taylor Swift led the way with nine nominations for this year’s MTV Video Music Awards, which were announced on Apple Music’s Beats 1 platform. Beats 1 hosts Brooke Reece and Travis Mills revealed the list of nominees, which saw Swift receive… Continue reading

Ant-Man star Paul Rudd self-conscious about his newly acquired buff bod

Paul Rudd knew some people would scratch their heads when they heard he would be Ant-Man, Marvel’s newest superhero. After all, his stock-in-trade had been to play a lovable goofball in comedies such as Our Idiot Brother (2011), Knocked Up (2007), the Anchorman movies (2004 and 2013) and the television show Friends. But he got a… Continue reading